In the previous article sauna
building location was discussed, along with installation of
plumbing and electrical connections. Now it is time to construct the
Framing will need to be installed if there isn't any existing
framework. Framing consists of the actual studs the sauna will be
attached to. It can be made from 2 X4 or 2 x 6 lumber; upright posts
should be spaced 16 inches apart.
After the framework has been accomplished insulation must be put in
place. This is placed between the studs in the walls and the
ceiling. Insulating is necessary to keep the heat in the room and to
cut down energy costs. The insulation should be covered with a vapor
barrier to prevent moisture build-up within the insulation. Foil
vapor barrier is a good choice as it will reflect heat back into the
Wall construction begins after all the insulating has been finished.
Tongue-and-groove lumber should be used to avoid exposing metal
nails in the sauna. Exposed nail heads pose the threat of serious
burn injuries when exposed to the high heat of a sauna. Two lumber
choices that seem to work well are Nordic White Spruce, and Western
Red Cedar which is the less expensive of the two choices.
To begin wall construction start nailing lumber to the studs in the
framework at floor level. Angle all nails through the tongue portion
so that they are not exposed. The wood should be cut to fit evenly
from one corner to the next. It is best to have one person cut the
lumber while another installs it.
Continue adding lumber checking occasionally to be sure that they
are level. Each wall should be constructed in this manner and then
the ceiling. A pre-hung door is easier to install than trying to
hang a door.
Molding in the corners adds a nice finished look to the room. Next
install the benches. The benches can be constructed or bought at a
sauna supply store. Be certain there is no exposed metal in the
After all woodwork has been finished the ceramic floor can be
installed. To do this simply glue the ceramic tiles to the sub-floor
and fill the spaces with grout. Allow the ceramic cement to set and
dry completely before applying any grout.
After completing the ceramic floor, build wood flooring panels to
place over the ceramic tiles. These panels should be removable to
allow for easy cleaning of the tiles beneath. It is pertinent to put
in the panels because the ceramic tiles will become far too hot to
stand on when the sauna is operating.
When all of the interior work has been finished the heater can be
placed and connected to electricity. To finish the sauna panel the
exterior walls and install towel racks outside the door.
The sauna is now ready for use. Turn the heat on, allow
approximately thirty minutes for warm up time and enjoy!
Using a Sauna
to Build a Steam Room
Steam Generator - How